Top 5 DataBase in 2018

DataBase (DB) is a collection of information that’s organized to manage,  access and update in an easy and simple manner. The Databases process workloads to make and update themselves, querying the information that contains and running the applications against it. A database is often known by its acronym, DBMS. The functions of a DataBase consists of security, concurrency, backup/recovery, data descriptions, integrity and much more.


History of the Database (DB):

The sizes, performance, and capabilities of databases and the respective DBMSs has grown hugely. DB performance increase has been enabled by the technology progress for computer storage, processors, computer memory, computer networks and much more. The 2 important navigational data models are the hierarchical model and the CODASYL model (network model). The latest DB is known as NewSQL databases has new implementations that maintained the relational/SQL model whereas planning to match the high performance of NoSQL when compared to the commercially accessible relational DBMSs.

Advantages of Database (DB):

Below are some of the benefits of using database management systems:

1) Effective Integration of Data.

2) Data can be accessed in a better way.

3) Improvement in the security of data.

4) Increases the productivity of the end users.

5) Sharing of the data is being increased in the organization.

6) Database Management Systems will decrease the inconsistency of data.

 Types of Database:

1) MariaDB: It is an open source database developed by the MySQL developers. MariaDB provides the same feature related to MySQL. And it is compatible with most of the leading operating systems and the programming languages. As the MariaDB follows the SQL standards it’s simple to use and the migration of the data is simple and easy. MariaDB has been designed to offer the best performance and it is been designed along with the better query optimizer and consists the better optimistic improvements.

MariaDB is derivative work from MySQL database. So the Database scheme, structure, and indexes often almost remain the same.

The following holds true between MariaDB and MySQL DB as of 2018. (things might change in future)

  • MySQL connectors will work with MariaDB without modification

  • client protocols, structures, and APIs are identical

  • data and table definition files are compatible



Since MySQL database implementation is driven by Oracle, an Opensource community is not happy about the same. The following reasons are most important for you to choose the MariaDB.

  1. MariaDB development is fully controlled by open source community which is open, fresh and vibrant young community

  2. The team is determined to add more cutting-edge features

  3. The freshly formed team is focused on giving better performance

  4. Many people don’t want interference of Oracle in MariaDB implementation

  5. Compatible and easy to migrate to MySQL and other databases

  6. Recently MariaDB has gained more popularity than any other DB

  7. Clustering is easy and efficient with MariaDB

  8. In MariaDB 5.3 many optimizer enhancements are successfully released.

  9. Faster replication available in recent MariaDB release, with up to 2x faster

  10. MariaDB has come up with a new feature of Parallel replication (— new in 10.0)

  11. Indexes for the MEMORY(HEAP) engine are faster. According to a simple test, 24% faster on INSERT for integer index and 60% faster for index on a CHAR(20) column

2) MongoDB: MongoDB is another open source document database management system and it is been written in C++. And also MongoDB is the leading NoSQL databases. MongoDB interface OS is being divided with functionalities such as creating and accessing the database and also creating the users. MongoDB is a cross-platform and also a document-oriented database and it delivers high availability, high performance, scalability and much more.


MongoDB is good for modeling numerous entities which back most of the modern web-apps, either enterprise or consumer:

Below are the benefits of using MongoDB:

  1. CMS (Content Management System): It is the flexible schema of MongoDB  database and well suitable for different collections of content types.

  2. Account and user profiles: MongoDB can store arrays of addresses in an easy and simple manner.

  3. Location-based data: MongoDB can experience geospatial coordinates and also can natively support geospatial indexing.

  4. Blogs and user-generated content: MongoDB will keep the data with a complex relationship together in a single object.

  5. Messaging: Change the message metadata easily based on per message or message type without the requirement of maintaining different collections or schemas.

  6. Form data: MongoDB will make it simple to develop the structure of the form data over time.

  7. System configurations: MongoDB provides a good object graph of configuration values and it is very natural in MongoDB.

3) CockroachDB: CockroachDB is also another open source programming developed by Cockroach Labs. And it’s being utilized to store the duplicates information in a different place. CockroachDB has a specific end goal for delivering the requested data when needed. CockroachDB will offer you with better scalable, and also the distributed SQL system with ACID transactions. And the main motto of CockroachDB is to make the data as easy as possible.


Features of using CockroachDB:

  1. Bringing the data closer to the users: CockroachDB improves the client’s experience while using on commodity hardware which is closer to the users. Clusters will cross data centers and even cloud providers, and the performance will be optimized through P2P networks to move the data closer to where it’s been required.

  1. Scales hugely through distributed SQL: CockroachDB makes use of the standard SQL to offer a familiar interface for the data. CockroachDB has a query engine to scale horizontally and permit to work with data in a huge volume rather than the traditional relational databases.

  1. Investing in data flexibility and not in a disaster recovery: CockroachDB will automatically make a copy and repair the data so that the services keep running continuously. The ACID transactions help to avoid the costly data integrity bugs by without wasting time and manually syncing the services.

4) PostgreSQL: The PostgreSQL is an open source code and it is derived from the original Berkeley code. And PostgreSQL is the object-relational database management system (ORDBMS). PostgreSQL is compatible with most of the SQL standards and provides numerous advanced features. PostgreSQL was developed from the Postgres 4.2. and it is compatible with most of the SQL standards and thus invests its role within the flexibility of the developers.

Some of the modern features provided by Postgres SQL are:

  1. Foreign keys

  2. Complex queries

  3. Updatable views

  4. Triggers

  5. Transactional integrity

  6. Multiversion concurrency control

5) MYSQL Database: The MySQL is a widely used Database management system as the server-side database. MySQL is very simple to use and fast RDBMS used by small scale to large scale organizations. MySQL Database provides a reliable and useful set of features. MySQL’s connectivity, speed, and security make the MySQL Server well suitable for accessing databases on the Internet. Nowadays So MySQL is being utilized by many PHP applications like forums and e-commerce systems. MySQL is the dominant component of LAMP, an open source web application software stack.

Importance of MYSQL Database:

  1. MySQL is one of the powerful scripted programs and takes care of all the functionality, subsets of the most expensive and powerful database packages.

  2. MySQL is available under an open source license, so it is totally free of cost.

  3. MySQL is well suitable with numerous operating systems and also with numerous programming languages.

  4. MySQL makes use of a standard form known as SQL data language and also works faster with the large datasets.

  5. MySQL consists of more compatibility with the PHP, and it is also the most appreciated and adopted language for web development.